Thursday, June 30, 2016

Friday, April 8, 2016

A list of "All-Weather" tires with the Mountain/Snowflake symbol and where to get them

Though the design and compounds have been around a few years now, it was surprisingly difficult to find tires that are truly All-Weather (good for every season) per Transport Canada standards and meet or exceed the Rubber Association of Canada performance requirements. Since my tires need replacing and I'm not looking for soft winter-specific tires, I have compiled a list of tires that have the mountain/snowflake rating based upon my search. Perhaps you'll find this list useful and that it saves you time.

Nokian pioneered this class of tires and was the first to market but there are now a number of brands with a limited selection.

These makes include: Kumho, Toyo, Falken, Michelin, Vredestein, Hankook, Yokohama, and Nankang, Michelin, Multi-Mile, and Muteki.  Additionally, some are exclusively sold at certain retailers.

Tires that have the 3PMSF icon and are all-weather capable
Manufacturer Model Retailer Size Limits/ Tire diameter
Nokian Nordman WR & WR SUV Kal Tire (Exclusive) Smallest size: 155/70R13 = 21.5", Largest size: 225/55R17 = 26.7"
Nokian WRG3 & WRG3 SUV Kal Tire (Exclusive) Smallest: 175/65R14, Largest: 255/40R19,
SUV Smallest size: 235/75R15 = 28.9", SUV Largest size: 275/40R21 = 29.7"
Nankang SV-2 Kal Tire Smallest size: 175/70R13 = 22.6", Largest size: 235/75R15 = 28.9"
Kumho The Road Venture SAT (KL61) Mopar Dealers (Dodge/Jeep/Fiat),
OK Tire,
Smallest size: 225/75R15 = 28.3", Largest size: 265/50R20 = 30.4"
Kumho Solus HA31 Mopar Dealers (Dodge/Jeep/Fiat), Smallest size: 145/80R13 = , Largest size: 225/45R17 =
Toyo Celsius & Celsius CUV OK Tire,,
Smallest size: 185/65R14
Largest size: 265/50R20
Vredestein Quatrac 3 & Quatrac 3 SUV
Smallest size: 155/70 R 13
Largest size: 255/55 R 19
Vredestein Quatrac 5 2
Hankook Optimo 4S Canadian Tire (Exclusive) Smallest size: 175/65R14 = , Largest size: 225/50R17 =
Yokohama Geolandar A/T G015
Smallest size: 215/75R15 = Largest sizes: 305/55R20 = , 35X12.50R20 = 35"
Falken Wildpeak A/T3W Smallest size: 235/75R15 = , Largest size: 325/60R20 =
BFGoodrich All-Terrain T/A® KO2 Mopar Dealers (Dodge/Jeep/Fiat),
Smallest size: 235/75R15 = , Largest size: 325/60R20 =
Michelin Pilot Alpin PA3 Canadian Tire
Smallest size: = 205/55R16, Largest size: = 285/40R19
Michelin Pilot Alpin PA4 Canadian Tire
Smallest size: 225/40R18 = , Largest size: = 315/35R20
Michelin Primacy Alpin PA3 Canadian Tire
Smallest size: = , Largest size: = 225/45R17
Minerva Emizero 4s Smallest size: = , Largest size: =
Muteki Trail Hog Kal Tire Smallest size: 265/75R16
Largest sizes:
325/60R20 = 35.4",
37X12.5R20 = 37"
Multi-Mile Wild Country XTX Sport Kal Tire 275/65R20 = 34.1"
Nitto EXO Grappler AWT Kal Tire, Smallest size:
Largest sizes:
Nokian Rotiva AT Plus Kal Tire ?

With respect to other tire models that do not have the 3-peaked mountain/snowflake rating yet might actually deliver, however subjective, sufficient or excellent performance in diverse weather conditions including snow, they are not listed here but may be numerous.  Besides reading reviews, it's worth looking at Quebec's Bill 42 (an Act to Amend the Highway Safety Code) passed in 2008 and lists the following as acceptable tires for winter driving: Tires on which one of the following inscriptions appears: Alaska | Arctic | A/T or AT | Blizzard | Ice | LT | Nordic | Snow (but not Mud & Snow) | Stud | Ultratraction | Winter.  Note that after December 15, 2014, in Quebec, these inscriptions on tires were no longer compliant with the statute and only those tires that have the 3-peaked mountain/snowflake
icon are in compliance for winter driving.  
Of course, the class of winter-dedicated tires are probably compliant with Quebec's law but that is not the topic of this blog post.

Wednesday, March 16, 2016

A simple way to view Shadow Copies on Windows 8.1 without installing or downloading software

Upon pressing "undo" accidentally in File Explorer on my Surface Pro 3, Windows 8.1 performs bad behaviour.  See details and frustration others have had here: thread

It seems Windows 8.1 made all the contents of the folder disappear as a consequence of undoing a previous rename of the folder from "New Folder".  That is, the file entry in the Master File Table was lost. Hopefully the entries were deleted and the space is reusable (I'm not sure what how Windows manipulates the MFT in this case).

So, I wanted to recover the files from that folder.  I first found out that Windows 8 has two kinds of "backup" systems, one called File History that is intended to make regular replicas of the tracked Libraries to a separate physical disk or to a network share.  Since this File History wasn't configured and not turned on by default on my SP3, I looked toward Volume Shadow Copy, which appears to be enabled by default on the C: drive.  You can check your "System Protection" tab in System Properties to see if this is the case for you by following the first part of this tutorial:
In fact, you can follow the entire video if you feel you want to try the software he mentions, ShadowExplorer.

Alternatively, if you don't want to download any software and happen to have a Windows 7 Pro machine at your disposal on your network, then you can just navigate to the Windows 8.1 machine and right click the folder of interest to see Previous Versions.  This is how I recovered my files and viewed the snapshots of my Documents folder on my SP3.

Interestingly, if you try navigating to \\localhost\C$ on the Windows 8.1 computer without any software installed, you'll be able to see the Previous Versions tab, but it will be empty.  So in my case, from the Windows 7 Pro machine, I navigated to \\SP3\Users\name\Documents\ and right-clicked properties on the folder of interest.  This showed me Previous Versions with a list of snapshots and their dates.

I was afraid at first that I didn't have any shadow copies to restore because checking the Services tab in Task Manager on my SP3 indicated the VSS (Volume Shadow Copy) service was Stopped.  Also, this article says that Volume Shadow Copy Service in Windows 8 is set to manual and does not run on system startup.  Lucky for me, Shadow Copies were being made and I was able to use a Windows 7 computer on the same network to browse the "Previous Versions" of the folders on the SP3 running Windows 8.1 without even downloading other software such as ShadowExplorer mentioned above or Z-VSScopy.

Sunday, June 8, 2014

Silly Apple, customer-losing the Source (Circuit City/Radioshack), Amazon proves itself again!

Apple is so lame! This is another reason why I don't own any Apple products: they require me to install bloated iTunes software just to send a digital iTunes store gift card.

Meanwhile I purchased a physical gift card at the Source (by Circuit City) and the complete idiots there did not activate it properly. They required the physical card to activate it, which I gifted away and did not have access to for months.  Then the Source was unable to activate it and I lost my money!!!  The Apple Store was also unable to help as it is outside of their system... I am so pissed at the Source; that company had better disappear.

As for Apple, making it near impossible for me to buy a digital gift card without an Apple product or iTunes, I can't express the numerous other reasons why Apple still sucks.  I even tried asking someone who owned an iPhone to help me make the purchase via their phone but they thought it was too complicated.  So frustration!

Months after giving the card in the first place, a few pages into Googling Canada iTunes gift card online delivery, I found out that can do it and at a value you specify.  Took me less than two minutes!

Is it not obvious as to why Amazon is kicking the crap out of other retailers and why everyone loves to hate Apple?

Wednesday, January 16, 2013

DWL-G122 Rev. A2 Wireless Adapter on Linux

Finding working drivers for D-Link DWL-G122 Rev. A2 USB Wireless Adapter to use in Linux Mint 14 (32-bit) based on Ubuntu 12.10.

The adapter is only compatible with WPA and WEP security modes; not compatible with WPA2.  PSK can be used.  This adapter could not connect to a router running in 802.11g/n mixed mode; but does associate with a router set in 802.11g mode.

On Mint/Ubuntu, attempts to use the native p54usb kernel module, and the necessary isl3887usb firmware placed in the correct /lib/firmware path resulted in dmesg log lines "authentication with AA:BB:CC:DD:EE:FF timed out" despite success registering drivers to the interface.  See firmware installation instructions at There appears to be a newer version of the isl3887usb firmware available here,, which I did not try

I had success using the old method I had running on an earlier edition of Ubuntu. Ie. load ndiswrapper

Use ndiswrapper kernel module and install Windows drivers from D-Link website.  However, D-Link Support website does not list Rev. A2 (as of 2013-01) but the correct driver is available on their FTP server at:

Encountered "FATAL: Module ndiswrapper not found." when trying to sudo modprobe ndiswrapper or when trying to install Windows drivers for the adapter via ndisgtk.  Downloading and installing ndiswrapper-dkms_1.58~rc1-0ubuntu1_all.deb worked. Older version ndiswrapper-dkms_1.57-1ubuntu1_all.deb did not.  Follow procedures at

Probably want to blacklist p54usb if you want to get ndiswrapper to work.

Monday, January 14, 2013

Yet another blog post about tethering your Android-powered phone to a router via USB.

This post summarizes my experience with flashing my router's stock firmware to an opensource firmware to enable it to use the USB port as the WAN connection. The Internet (WAN) connection is provided by an Android-powered smartphone via USB tethering.

Specifically, I have a D-Link DIR-825 Wireless N router. HW Rev. B1. It has one USB port. The phone is a Samsung Galaxy S 4G (SGH-T959W); it is not the same as a Samsung Galaxy Vibrant. My cellular provider is Mobilicity and my phone number is.... j/k. I'm not releasing that. 

So I first tried flashing the DD-WRT firmware to my DIR-825. This is a very nice firmware: nice GUI and excellent features, most of which I don't know how to use. It can bridge the various interfaces such as WiFi to the LAN, it can act in a Wireless Distribution System, it has various hotspots for potential revenue-generation using landing pages to share Internet, it has awesome graphs for monitoring bandwidth and usage, and it has support for various USB devices from printers, to storage, to 3G USB modems.

And that's where I got stuck.  I had DD-WRT v24-sp2 (03/19/12) std r18777 installed on the router. I enabled Core USB Support under the Services menu along with USB Storage Support. Set the WAN Connection Type to "3G/UMTS/4G/LTE" and input the APN settings for Mobilicity. Then I plugged in the Galaxy S 4G into the USB port, via a USB cable of course, and enabled USB tethering on the phone which is running Gingerbread 2.3.6.

This did not work; router clients did not have Internet connectivity. I SSH'd into the router and ran cat /proc/bus/usb/devices
T: Bus=01 Lev=01 Prnt=01 Port=00 Cnt=01 Dev#= 3 Spd=480 MxCh= 0
D: Ver= 2.00 Cls=02(comm.) Sub=00 Prot=00 MxPS=64 #Cfgs= 1
P: Vendor=04e8 ProdID=6881 Rev= 4.00
S: Manufacturer=SAMSUNG
S: Product=SAMSUNG_Android
S: SerialNumber=T959f1f202cd
C:* #Ifs= 2 Cfg#= 1 Atr=c0 MxPwr= 96mA
A: FirstIf#= 0 IfCount= 2 Cls=02(comm.) Sub=06 Prot=00
I:* If#= 0 Alt= 0 #EPs= 1 Cls=02(comm.) Sub=02 Prot=ff Driver=(none)
E: Ad=86(I) Atr=03(Int.) MxPS= 8 Ivl=32ms
I:* If#= 1 Alt= 0 #EPs= 2 Cls=0a(data ) Sub=00 Prot=00 Driver=(none)
E: Ad=8b(I) Atr=02(Bulk) MxPS= 512 Ivl=0ms
E: Ad=0a(O) Atr=02(Bulk) MxPS= 512 Ivl=0ms
As you can see, no drivers were attached to the device; whereas before enabling tethering on the phone, the Interface line said I:* If#= 0 Alt= 0 #EPs= 2 Cls=08(stor.) Sub=06 Prot=50 Driver=usb-storage indicating the usb-storage driver was bound.

From looking through the DD-WRT wiki at I didn't find any Samsung devices supported. I had hoped that DD-WRT would support this phone as there were a few Android smartphones listed in addition to all the USB rocket sticks. But alas, there seems to be no compatibility with the Galaxy S 4G.

Because I don't give up easily and knew that the desired result is feasible, I looked for more solutions. First, I tested USB tethering this phone to a Linux LiveCD (Linux Mint 14) and looked at the modules it enabled. Running lsmod from a terminal window listed rndis_host and cdc_ether, which I had read about somewhere before. A quick search in Google and I found a number of webpages/blog posts referencing these modules and a forum post on OpenWRT's forum.

They are:
Starting with OpenWRT Backfire 10.03.1 final flashed to the D-Link DIR-825 and following the instructions in the forum post linked above, I had everything required. However, once I connected the Galaxy S 4G to the router and enabled USB tethering in Android, I still didn't have Internet connectivity.

From SSH on the router, I ran dmesg | grep usb and got this
usb 1-1: new high speed USB device using ar71xx-ehci and address 1
usb 1-1: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
usb 1-1: USB disconnect, address 1
usb 1-1: new high speed USB device using ar71xx-ehci and address 2
usb 1-1: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
usb 1-1: bad CDC descriptors

instead of
usb 1-1: new high speed USB device using ar71xx-ehci and address 2
usb 1-1: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
usb0: register 'rndis_host' at usb-ar71xx-ehci-1, RNDIS device, aa:cc:b6:36:b3:97

Additionally, cat /proc/bus/usb/devices was similar to the above result where "Driver=(none)"

So I decided to test my other Android phone, a Motorola RAZR HD running ICS 4.0.4. This phone produced the desired result with rndis_host being bound to the device as a driver. But I had no intentions of tethering the Motorola on a limited data plan to the router.

Finally, after downloading and installing the newest version of OpenWRT, Attitude Adjustment 12.09-rc1, and the new versions of the packages as listed in the above linked articles, from:
I plugged in the Samsung Galaxy S 4G to the router and everything worked!  Next step is to flash the ROM on the Galaxy S 4G to ICS or JB and see if it still functions.

Recommended: If you have software on your NAT'ed internal computers that use UPnP to automatically configure the router to for example, expose a port and redirect external traffic to that internal device, then you should install the miniupnpd package as well.  The version available at the time I setup Attitude Adjustment 12.09-rc1 and seems to work with it is 1.6.20110730-6.  Specifically for DIR-825, the package is here. Although there might be newer versions that are also compatible.

This discussion explains why someone may want to install the UPnP package instead of setting up portforwarding redirects (and related rules) in /etc/firewall.user. This wiki page explains setting up Universal Plug'n'Play and NAT-PMP on OpenWrt and the instructions for installing the package is the same as the 3rd link in the first list above.

Possible explanation for why the newer version of OpenWRT works while the older version, 10.03.1, does not?
Thread about potential solution using similar modules in DD-WRT to achieve the same goal:

Thursday, January 27, 2011

Do Canadians finally have a feasible and fair option for DRM-free music downloads?

Here is a very quick review of the music download service available in Canada.
- Is limited to Rogers Wireless customers (can only register if you have a Roger's phone number)
- other features like selling tickets to concerts and events.
- Appears that only the pay per song and pay per album downloads are DRM Free
- Fairly good rates for per track download in Canadian dollars
- Very confusing language and clauses in urMusic's Terms and Conditions. They have a number of sentences existing in the Terms and Conditions that ostensibly portray all downloads from urMusic are limited to registered devices (whether technologically enforced by DRM technologies or only enforced by acceptance to the Terms and Conditions). But there is also language in there that suggests Content is not protected by DRM technology. The Terms and Conditions appear to be out-of-sync with the service's marketing department's pitch that they have DRM-free tracks. The language makes it unclear what you get exactly with a monthly membership plan. See below.

urMusic's Terms and Conditions (as of 2011 January 27)

The following Rogers urMusic (the "urMusic Service") terms and conditions supplement and are incorporated into the "Terms&Conditions of Use" of and the "Rogers Terms of Service", both of which are available at the "Terms&Conditions" link throughout
PLEASE CAREFULLY READ THE FOLLOWING TERMS AND CONDITIONS. BY CLICKING THE 'ACCEPT' BUTTON/LINK, YOU ARE AGREEING TO BE BOUND BY THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO ALL OF THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS, THEN YOU MAY NOT USE THE URMUSIC SERVICE AND MAY NOT CONTINUE WITH REGISTRATION. These terms and conditions are effective once you have agreed to same. Rogers may change, at any time, the fees, features, structure or any other aspects of the urMusic Service, as well as any term or provision of these terms and conditions including, without limitation, the Usage Rules, upon notice to you. If you do not accept any such change, your sole remedy is to terminate your urMusic Service within 30 days of your receipt of our notice of change, by providing us with advance notice of termination pursuant to the Rogers Terms of Service. You agree that your streaming and/or downloading of sound recordings ('Songs'), whether individually or in multi-track album format ('Album(s)'), information related to the sound recordings and artwork related thereto in connection with the urMusic Service (collectively, the "Content") is further acknowledgement of your acceptance of and agreement to use such Content solely in accordance with these terms and conditions and the applicable Usage Rules as set forth below, and that any other use of the Content will constitute a breach of these terms and conditions and may constitute a violation of law, including copyright infringement.
The urMusic Service consists of both the Membership Subscription Services, as defined further below, and the Pay Per Download Service, as defined further below.
(a) Definitions/Descriptions.
'CD Burns' means the number of times you may copy a purchased Song or Album to a compact disc, as set forth in the applicable Usage Rules. You shall not evade song playlist burn restrictions through creation of new playlists containing identical songs or otherwise.
'Dual Delivery' means delivery of a Song or Album to both a PC and Wireless Device as part of a single transaction.
'PC' means a traditional personal computer designed for an individual user (i.e. a laptop or desktop computer).
'PC Only Delivery' means that delivery is only delivered to a PC.
'Portable Device', if and when supported for the Membership Subscription Service, shall mean an easily transportable, portable secure hardware device approved by Rogers that supports the applicable digital rights security technology determined by Rogers from time to time with respect to Content but, for the avoidance of doubt, does not include a PC and does not include devices able to receive Content "over the air" via wireless transmission.
'Registered Device' means each of your PCs, Wireless Devices and, if and when supported for the Membership Subscription Service, Portable Devices which is registered for use with your urMusic Service account. The maximum number of Registered Devices which may be used with your urMusic account is set forth in the chart below. With regards to the Non-Portable Subscription Tier of the Membership Subscription Service, you may only download and access Content on your registered PCs.
Maximum Number of Registered PCs Permitted 3
Maximum Number of Registered Portable Devices Permitted, if and when supported for the Membership Subscription Service 3*
Maximum Number of Registered Wireless Devices Permitted 1*
*Note: If a Wireless Device is registered, then the maximum number of permitted Portable Devices shall be 2 rather than 3.
"Redownload" means you can redownload a Song or Album onto a PC or Wireless Devices (as applicable, depending on whether the Song or Album, as the case may be, was originally purchased via Dual Delivery, PC Only Delivery or pursuant to a Membership Subscription Service) up to the number of times set forth in the applicable Usage Rules if the applicable PC or Wireless Device is damaged.
"Unlocked Tracks" means Songs and/or Albums which are purchased via the Pay Per Download Service in the MP3, MP4 or APL format. Usage of Unlocked Tracks hereunder is not limited to your Registered Devices.
"Wireless Device" means a mobile handset that supports the applicable digital rights security technology, if any, determined by Rogers from time to time with respect to Content and is able to receive Content "over the air" via wireless transmission.
(b) Digital Rights Management.
You acknowledge and agree that the Content may include digital rights security technology which is an inseparable part of the Content. In order for a Registered Device to access such Content, such device must support the digital rights security technology determined by Rogers from time to time. You shall not circumvent the digital rights security technology.
(c) Monitoring; Change/Discontinuance.
You acknowledge that some aspects of the urMusic Service, Content, and administering of the Usage Rules entails the ongoing involvement of and/or monitoring by Rogers and its affiliates and/or their licensors including, without limitation, the number of plays of the Content. Some licensors have required that the Content they have provided to the urMusic Service contain metadata, which includes data related to the Content and its sale. You acknowledge and agree that the information contained in such metadata will be retained by Rogers, reported to its licensors and may be later used to identify the sales transaction. In the event that Rogers or any of its licensors changes or discontinues any part of the urMusic Service, which Rogers or its licensors may do at their election, you acknowledge that you may no longer be able to use Content downloaded pursuant to a Membership Subscription Service or you may not be able to use such Content to the same extent as prior to such change or discontinuation, and that Rogers shall have no liability to you in such case.
(d) Property Rights.
The Content you are purchasing and the copyrights therein are the valuable intellectual property of the copyright owner and are solely for your own personal, non-commercial, lawful use. Other than the Unlocked Tracks which you may store and use on your other devices in addition to your Registered Devices, you can only store and use Content purchased through the urMusic Service on your Registered Devices (subject to the Usage Rules noted below). You may not forward, sublicense or disseminate any Content to another recipient. You are not granted any commercial, sale, resale, reproduction, distribution or promotional use rights for the Content, including rights for uses that require a synchronization or public performance license with respect to the underlying musical composition. In addition, any copying, redistribution or other use of the sound recordings is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of the copyright owner.
You must comply with all applicable laws with respect to your downloading and use of the Content.
For avoidance of doubt, you may not export Content in a renderable form to any application, including but not limited to CD burning applications, that is not a Trusted Application, where "Trusted Application" means an application that in all respects enforces and conforms with these terms and conditions and the Usage Rules set forth herein.
Rogers does not guarantee that your devices including, without limitation, PCs, Portable Devices and Wireless Devices, will reproduce the Content accurately.
(e) Representations and Covenants.
You represent, covenant and agree that:
(i) you shall primarily reside in Canada while you maintain a urMusic Service account; and
(ii) you will not copy, sell, distribute, share or otherwise transfer Content to others or sell, transfer or share your urMusic Service account to others; and
(iii) , other than the Unlocked Tracks which you may store and use on your other devices in addition to your Registered Devices, you will not copy, sell, distribute or otherwise transfer Content from your Registered Devices to any other audio record or playback device.
(a) Description.
The Membership Subscription Services consist of the urMusic Service offered to you for a monthly fee which, when paid, will enable you to engage in conditional downloading of full Songs, Albums, or, when available, on-demand streaming of full Songs or Albums together with on-demand streaming of previews thereof from the available catalogue with as many plays of such full Songs or Albums, as the case may be, as you choose for personal non-commercial use on your Registered Devices, subject to the Usage Rules and the subscription plan you chose, as set forth below.
"Conditional downloading" means the downloading of Content to your PC hard drive and/or Wireless Device and/or transfer to your Portable Device (as the case may be) (provided that such devices must be Registered Devices) following which such Content may be accessed by you for your personal non-commercial use for the duration of your valid subscription, meaning, as long as you keep paying the monthly subscription fee, you will have the ability to continue to listen to your library of conditional downloads as many times as you choose.
The available Membership Subscriptions Services consist of the Portable Tier Subscription Plan, as described below, and the Non-Portable Tier Subscription Plan, as described below.
(b) Membership Subscription Service Fees and Cancellation.
You will be billed monthly for your applicable Membership Subscription Service on your Rogers bill. At the end of each billing period, depending on the subscription plan you select, your subscription will automatically renew at the then-current rate, unless you notify Rogers that you are canceling your subscription. You may cancel your Membership Subscription Service at any time by changing your account profile from "subscription" to "pay per download". Cancellation will result in the termination of your ability to access the Membership Subscription Service and related Content at the end of the then-current term for which you have paid. If you cancel your Membership Subscription Service before the end of the month for which you paid, you will not receive a refund.
(c) Portable Tier and Non-Portable Tier.
If you subscribe to the Portable Tier Subscription Plan, then you will be able to transfer and access downloaded Content on each of your Registered Devices.
If you subscribe to the Non-Portable Tier Subscription Plan, then you will be able to download Content only to your PCs which are Registered Devices and shall only be able to access such Content on such registered PCs. You shall not be permitted to download, transfer or access the Content on your registered Portable Devices or Wireless Devices.
Usage Rules for the Membership Subscription Services.
Number of Permitted CD Burns - 0
Number of Permitted Redownloads - Unlimited
(but subject to applicable data usage charges for downloads to Wireless Devices)
(a) Description.
The Pay Per Download Service consists of the urMusic Service offered to you on a pay per download basis. Pay Per Download Songs and Albums shall be available by either
(i) to PC Only Delivery; or
(ii) to Dual Delivery.
Once you have downloaded an item of Content onto your PC and/or Wireless Device via the Pay Per Download Service and/or transferred such Content to your Portable Device, you may play such Content on your applicable Registered Devices (and with respect to Unlocked Tracks only, your other devices), subject to the Usage Rules set forth below.
(b) Usage Rules for the Pay Per Download Service.
Pay Per Download Service
PC Only Delivery or Dual Delivery
Songs and Albums other than Unlocked Tracks
Number of Permitted CD Burns - 7
Number of Permitted Redownloads - 3
Unlocked Tracks
Number of Permitted CD Burns - Unlimited
Number of Permitted Redownloads - 0

After enabling the DRM ActiveX addon and purchasing an album from the urmusic website, it was not immediately clear where I had to go to download the mp3s. I tried the Downloads link on the left and from that screen the service listed the pending downloads available to me. When I clicked on a track to download it, the following message appeared at the top of the webpage "To download content from the Rogers music shop, you need to download the player first."

Once the urMusic Player was installed and I had logged into the urMusic service within the program, I began downloading the mp3's. I chose to Download All, and it downloaded each track successively, it was quite fast and stored the files in "My Documents\urMusic Player\My Media\"